Arrhenius, S. Die Gesetze der Verdauung und Resorption, 1909
Svante August Arrhenius (1859-1927) was a Swedish scientist. Originally a physicist, but often referred to as a chemist, Arrhenius was one of the founders of the science of physical chemistry. He received the Nobel Prize for Chemistry in 1903, becoming the first Swedish Nobel laureate.
Baldwin, E. The biochemical approach to biological organization, 1950
An inaugural lecture delivered at University College London 31 May 1950
Ernest Hubert Francis Baldwin (1909 –1969) was an English biochemist, textbook author and pioneer in the field of comparative biochemistry.
M. E. Bataillon
Bataillon, M.E. Nouvelle Contribution L'analyse Expérimentale de la Fécondation par la Parthénogénèse, 1916
F. Battelli and L. Stern
Battelli, F., and Stern , L.. Die akzessorische Atmung in den Tiergeweben, 1909
F. Battelli and L. Stern
Battelli, F., and Stern , L.. Untersuchungen über die Urikase in den Tiergeweben, 1909
W.I. B. Beveridge and F. M. Burnet
Beveridge, W. I. B. and Burnet, F.M. The Cultivation of Viruses and Rickettsiae in the Chick Embryo, 1946
As a result of the pioneer studies of Goodpasture in America and Burnet in Australia, the virus-worker can now effectively use the developing egg in a number of different ways: besides following the original technique of inoculation on to the chorioallantoic membrane, he may, by suitably varying his procedure, inoculate into the amniotic or allantoic cavities, into the yolk sac, into the veins of the membranes or even into the* brain or other parts of the embryo itself. ... Fertile eggs have been found to give much greater yields of some viruses than are obtainable otherwise, and they are thus a very good source of material for vaccines. WILLIAM IAN BEARDMORE BEVERIDGE (1908 - 2006) was an Australian animal pathologist and director of the Institute of Animal Pathology, University of Cambridge. In 1937 Beveridge was awarded a Commonwealth Fellowship and went with his first wife, Patricia, and infant son John, to work in the Rockefeller Institute in Princeton, studying swine influenza virus, on which he worked with Richard Shope. They showed that it was serologically identical with the agent that caused the 1918-19 flu pandemic. SIR FRANK MACFARLANE BURNET (1899 - 1985) was an Australian virologist best known for his contributions to immunology. He won a Nobel Prize in 1960 for predicting acquired immune tolerance and was best known for developing the theory of clonal selection. Burnet's major achievements in microbiology included discovering the causative agents of Q-fever and psittacosis; developing assays for the isolation, culture and detection of influenza virus; describing the recombination of influenza strains; demonstrating that the myxomatosis virus does not cause disease in humans. Modern methods for producing influenza vaccines are still based on Burnet's work improving virus growing processes in hen's eggs.
H. S. Burr and Filmer Northrop
H.S. Burr and F.S.C. Northrop. The Electro-Dynamic Theory of Life, 1935
Harold Saxton Burr (1889 – 1973) was E. K. Hunt Professor of Anatomy at Yale University School of Medicine and researcher into bio-electrics.
Burr's research contributed to the electrical detection of cancer cells, experimental embryology, neuroanatomy, and the regeneration and development of the nervous system. His studies of the bio-electrics of ovulation and menstruation eventually led to the marketing of fertility-indicating devices. His late studies of the electrodynamics of trees, carried out over decades, suggested entrainment to diurnal, lunar and annual cycles. He also contributed a few papers on the history and sociology of his field.
Filmer Stuart Cuckow Northrop (1893 - 1992) was an American legal philosopher and influential comparative philosopher.
After receiving a B.A. from Beloit College in 1915, and an MA from Yale University in 1919, he went on to Harvard University where he earned another MA in 1922 and a Ph.D. in 1924. At Harvard, Northrop studied under Alfred North Whitehead. He was appointed to the Yale faculty in 1923 as an instructor in Philosophy, and later was named professor in 1932. In 1947 he was appointed Sterling Professor of Philosophy and Law. He chaired the Philosophy department from 1938 to 1940 and was the first Master of Silliman College, from 1940 to 1947.
He was the author of twelve books and innumerable articles on all major branches of philosophy. His most influential work, The Meeting of East and West, was published in 1946 at the aftermath of World War II. Its central thesis is that East and West both must learn something from each other to avoid future conflict and to flourish together. His jurisprudence work primarily concerned sociological jurisprudence.
Russel Henry Chittenden
Russel Henry Chittenden. The Story of the Founding of the Sheffield Scientific School, 1939
Russell Henry Chittenden (1856 – 1943) was an American physiological chemist. He conducted pioneering research in the biochemistry of digestion and nutrition.
He was professor of physiological chemistry at Yale from 1882 to 1922. He was director of the Sheffield Scientific School from 1898-1922. He was also professor of physiology at the Yale School of Medicine starting in 1900. From 1898 to 1903 he was also a lecturer on physiological chemistry at Columbia University, New York. He was a founding member of the American Physiological Society in 1887 and served as its president from 1895 to 1904. He was a member of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1904, he was elected as a member of the American Philosophical Society. He was the author of Digestive Proteolysis and Physiological Economy in Nutrition (New York, 1905). During World War I, Professor Chittenden was a member of the Advisory Committee on Food Utilization and also a member of the Executive Committee of the National Research Council. He is often called the "father of American biochemistry." His home in New Haven is a National Historic Landmark.
Russel Henry Chittenden and Alice H. Albro
R. H. Chittenden and Alice H. Albro. The Influence of Bile and Bile Salts on Pancreatic Proteolysis, 1898
Inscribed by author
E. N. Da C. Andrade
E. N. Da C. Andrade. Wilkins Lecture: Robert Hooke, 1950
Edward Neville da Costa Andrade (1887–1971), British physicist and author, who established "Andrade's Laws," concerning the flow of metals.
Daudin, H. Travaux et problèmes relatifs à la parthénogénèse artificielle, 1909
C. Engler and R. O. Herzog. Zur chemischen Erkenntnis biologischer Oxydationsreaktionen, 1909
R. O. Herzog (1878-1935) made himself a name by discovering the microcrystalline structure of cellulose. He and Scherrer found it simultaneously and independently, when irradiating different kinds of cellulose fibres with X-rays. This observation gave an enormous impetus to the investigation of fibres and organic substances of high molecular weight: twenty years ago, for example, no one would have dared to write down the structural formula of cellulose or to consider the rigidity of a macromolecule containing oxygen bridges, subjects of lively discussions at many scientific meetings nowadays. Herzog himself, then the head of the newly founded Kaiser Wilhelm-Institut fur Faserstoffchemie at Berlin-Dahlem, was most active in promoting this development, and his vivid imagination played from the beginning with ideas which have materialized in recent years. Michael Polanyi, Karl Weissenberg, Hermann Mark, Max Bergmann and Erich Schmid did research in his laboratory at Dahlem, and it was remarkable how successfully Herzog was able to collaborate with younger men.
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