antibody, CD8+ T lymphocyte, dendritic cell, macrophage, C57BL mouse, flow cytometry, fluorescence microscopy, spleen
Dendritic cells (DCs) are strategically positioned to take up antigens and initiate adaptive immunity. One DC subset expresses CD8αα in mice and is specialized to capture dying cells and process antigens for MHC class I "cross-presentation." Because CD8 + DCs also express DEC205/CD205, which is localized to splenic T cell regions, it is thought that CD8 + DCs also are restricted to T zones. Here, we used a new antibody to Langerin/CD207, which colabels isolated CD8 + CD205 + DCs, to immunolabel spleen sections. The mAb labeled discrete cells with high levels of CD11c and CD8. Surprisingly most CD207 + profiles were in marginal zones surrounding splenic white pulp nodules, and only smaller numbers were in T cell reas, where CD205 colabeling was noted. Despite a marginal zone ocation, CD207 + identifying molecules for 3 different types of macrophages, localized in proximity and, in contrast to macrophages, marginal zone DCs were poor scavengers of soluble and particulate substrates. After stimulation with microbial agonists, Langerin expression disappeared from the marginal zone at 6-12 h, but was greatly expanded in the T cell areas, and by 24-48 h, Langerin expression disappeared. Therefore, anti-Langerin antibodies localize a majority of CD8 + DCs to non-T cell regions of mouse spleen, where they are distinct from adjacent macrophages.
Idoyaga, J., N. Suda, K. Suda, C. G. Park, and R. M. Steinman. 2009. "Antibody to Langerin/CD207 Localizes Large Numbers of CD8α + Dendritic Cells to the Marginal Zone of Mouse Spleen." Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 106 (5): 1524-1529