Marie Nyswander, circa 1960s
Marie Nyswander (1919 – 1986) was an American psychiatrist and psychoanalyst known for developing and popularizing the use of methadone to treat heroin addiction.
Marie Nyswander graduated from Sarah Lawrence College (1941) and received the MD from Cornell University Medical School (1944). After completing her surgical internship she joined the U.S. Navy in 1945 and was posted to the Lexington Narcotic Hospital of the U.S. Public Health Service. She then did a residency in psychiatry at New York Medical College under Lewis Wolberg. In 1950 she established her own practice, and in 1955 helped launch an outpatient program, the Narcotic Addiction Research Project, in New York City. The next year she published The Drug Addict as Patient (1956). Nyswander was an adjunct professor at The Rockefeller University from 1964 to 1986.
Marie Nyswander, Vincent Dole, methadone